Source contamination versus assimilation: An example from the Trans-Mexican volcanic arc

John Chesley, Joaquin Ruiz, Kevin Righter, Luca Ferrari, Arturo Gomez-Tuena

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

78 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Volcanic samples representing a wide range of lithologies and compositions were collected from the Miocene to Quaternary age Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field (MGVF) in the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt (TMVB). The samples were analyzed for major and trace elements, and 87Sr/86Sr and 187Os/188Os in an effort differentiate the importance of source contamination and assimilation in continental arc magmatism. Re concentrations in the MGVF samples range from 0.03 to 0.13 ppb and Os concentrations range from 0.05 to 0.001 ppb. The 87Sr/86Sr of the samples vary little, ranging from 0.7037 to 0.7047, despite a wide range in major element composition. However, the 187Os/188Os vary greatly, from 0.135 to 0.410. Decreasing Os concentration and increasing 187Os/188Os show a clear relation with indicators of fractionation such as MgO or Ni. A plot of 187Os/188Os versus Ba/Nb for all samples from the MGVF show two distinct trends: (1) a wide variation in Ba/Nb (50-200) associated with minor variations in 187Os/188Os (~0.135-0.145), and (2) increasing 187Os/188Os (0.145-0.40) associated with restricted Ba/Nb (35-70). These trends are best explained through a dynamic multi-component process. Fluids are released from the subducting slab, resulting in melting of the overlying asthenospheric wedge. The pristine fluids have high Ba and low Re and Os concentrations. The resulting melts have variable Ba/Nb, but unradiogenic 187Os/188Os. Superimposed upon these melts are both assimilation and fractional crystallization processes, which affect both the Ba/Nb and 187Os/188Os systems as they ascend into the lower crust.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)211-221
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volumen195
N.º3-4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 22 abr 2002

Huella dactilar

assimilation
island arc
volcanology
contamination
Contamination
arcs
melt
continental arc
Fluids
Lithology
volcanic belt
fluid
Trace Elements
Fractionation
Crystallization
Chemical analysis
fractional crystallization
lower crust
magmatism
slab

Citar esto

Chesley, John ; Ruiz, Joaquin ; Righter, Kevin ; Ferrari, Luca ; Gomez-Tuena, Arturo. / Source contamination versus assimilation : An example from the Trans-Mexican volcanic arc. En: Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 2002 ; Vol. 195, N.º 3-4. pp. 211-221.
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Source contamination versus assimilation : An example from the Trans-Mexican volcanic arc. / Chesley, John; Ruiz, Joaquin; Righter, Kevin; Ferrari, Luca; Gomez-Tuena, Arturo.

En: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 195, N.º 3-4, 22.04.2002, p. 211-221.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Source contamination versus assimilation

T2 - An example from the Trans-Mexican volcanic arc

AU - Chesley, John

AU - Ruiz, Joaquin

AU - Righter, Kevin

AU - Ferrari, Luca

AU - Gomez-Tuena, Arturo

PY - 2002/4/22

Y1 - 2002/4/22

N2 - Volcanic samples representing a wide range of lithologies and compositions were collected from the Miocene to Quaternary age Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field (MGVF) in the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt (TMVB). The samples were analyzed for major and trace elements, and 87Sr/86Sr and 187Os/188Os in an effort differentiate the importance of source contamination and assimilation in continental arc magmatism. Re concentrations in the MGVF samples range from 0.03 to 0.13 ppb and Os concentrations range from 0.05 to 0.001 ppb. The 87Sr/86Sr of the samples vary little, ranging from 0.7037 to 0.7047, despite a wide range in major element composition. However, the 187Os/188Os vary greatly, from 0.135 to 0.410. Decreasing Os concentration and increasing 187Os/188Os show a clear relation with indicators of fractionation such as MgO or Ni. A plot of 187Os/188Os versus Ba/Nb for all samples from the MGVF show two distinct trends: (1) a wide variation in Ba/Nb (50-200) associated with minor variations in 187Os/188Os (~0.135-0.145), and (2) increasing 187Os/188Os (0.145-0.40) associated with restricted Ba/Nb (35-70). These trends are best explained through a dynamic multi-component process. Fluids are released from the subducting slab, resulting in melting of the overlying asthenospheric wedge. The pristine fluids have high Ba and low Re and Os concentrations. The resulting melts have variable Ba/Nb, but unradiogenic 187Os/188Os. Superimposed upon these melts are both assimilation and fractional crystallization processes, which affect both the Ba/Nb and 187Os/188Os systems as they ascend into the lower crust.

AB - Volcanic samples representing a wide range of lithologies and compositions were collected from the Miocene to Quaternary age Michoacan-Guanajuato volcanic field (MGVF) in the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt (TMVB). The samples were analyzed for major and trace elements, and 87Sr/86Sr and 187Os/188Os in an effort differentiate the importance of source contamination and assimilation in continental arc magmatism. Re concentrations in the MGVF samples range from 0.03 to 0.13 ppb and Os concentrations range from 0.05 to 0.001 ppb. The 87Sr/86Sr of the samples vary little, ranging from 0.7037 to 0.7047, despite a wide range in major element composition. However, the 187Os/188Os vary greatly, from 0.135 to 0.410. Decreasing Os concentration and increasing 187Os/188Os show a clear relation with indicators of fractionation such as MgO or Ni. A plot of 187Os/188Os versus Ba/Nb for all samples from the MGVF show two distinct trends: (1) a wide variation in Ba/Nb (50-200) associated with minor variations in 187Os/188Os (~0.135-0.145), and (2) increasing 187Os/188Os (0.145-0.40) associated with restricted Ba/Nb (35-70). These trends are best explained through a dynamic multi-component process. Fluids are released from the subducting slab, resulting in melting of the overlying asthenospheric wedge. The pristine fluids have high Ba and low Re and Os concentrations. The resulting melts have variable Ba/Nb, but unradiogenic 187Os/188Os. Superimposed upon these melts are both assimilation and fractional crystallization processes, which affect both the Ba/Nb and 187Os/188Os systems as they ascend into the lower crust.

KW - Assimilation

KW - Island arcs

KW - Metasomatism

KW - Re/Os

KW - Subduction

KW - Volcanism

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DO - 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00580-5

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JO - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

JF - Earth and Planetary Science Letters

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