Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography: An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico

Sara Garcia-Jimenez, Karina Heredia-Lezama, Fernando Bilbao-Marcos, Griselda Fuentes-Lara, Antonio Monroy-Noyola, Myrna Deciga-Campos

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoContribución a la conferencia

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Drug abuse among college students is characterized by lower academic performance and long-term negative consequences. Screening to detect students at high risk of consuming drugs is of primary importance to insure early identification and appropriate levels of care. As a result, this study aimed to determine the current or past use of drug abuse through a questionnaire applied to a student population at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. The results were confirmed by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography of urine. We interviewed 181 students aged 15 to 21 (gender was not considered in this study), and urine samples were collected for analytical analysis. For detection of metabolites Delta9-THCA-A and benzoylecgonine from marijuana and cocaine, respectively, a homogenous enzymatic inmmunoanalysis was used; subsequent samples were analyzed by a mass spectrometer with quadrupole detector. Seven samples of the total (181) did not completely fit the inclusion criteria and were eliminated. The results showed 0.50% and 1.16% positive samples for benzoylecgonine and Delta9-THCA-A, respectively. These results are not different from those of the National Questionnaire on Addiction. We can establish a program for detecting drug consumption in our students. This kind of study is important in order to implement programs that can help us to decrease the abuse of drugs in our college population.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaDrug Addiction
Subtítulo de la publicación alojadaResearch Frontiers and Treatment Advances
EditorialBlackwell Publishing Inc.
Páginas422-425
Número de páginas4
ISBN (versión impresa)9781573317184
DOI
EstadoPublicada - oct 2008

Serie de la publicación

NombreAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volumen1139
ISSN (versión impresa)0077-8923
ISSN (versión digital)1749-6632

Huella dactilar

Marijuana Abuse
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Cannabis
Mexico
Cocaine
Gas chromatography
Gas Chromatography
Screening
Students
Substance-Related Disorders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population
Urine
Mass spectrometers
Metabolites
Abuse
Drugs
Morelos
Detectors

Citar esto

Garcia-Jimenez, S., Heredia-Lezama, K., Bilbao-Marcos, F., Fuentes-Lara, G., Monroy-Noyola, A., & Deciga-Campos, M. (2008). Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography: An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico. En Drug Addiction: Research Frontiers and Treatment Advances (pp. 422-425). (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1139). Blackwell Publishing Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1432.018
Garcia-Jimenez, Sara ; Heredia-Lezama, Karina ; Bilbao-Marcos, Fernando ; Fuentes-Lara, Griselda ; Monroy-Noyola, Antonio ; Deciga-Campos, Myrna. / Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography : An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico. Drug Addiction: Research Frontiers and Treatment Advances. Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2008. pp. 422-425 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences).
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abstract = "Drug abuse among college students is characterized by lower academic performance and long-term negative consequences. Screening to detect students at high risk of consuming drugs is of primary importance to insure early identification and appropriate levels of care. As a result, this study aimed to determine the current or past use of drug abuse through a questionnaire applied to a student population at the Universidad Aut{\'o}noma del Estado de Morelos. The results were confirmed by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography of urine. We interviewed 181 students aged 15 to 21 (gender was not considered in this study), and urine samples were collected for analytical analysis. For detection of metabolites Delta9-THCA-A and benzoylecgonine from marijuana and cocaine, respectively, a homogenous enzymatic inmmunoanalysis was used; subsequent samples were analyzed by a mass spectrometer with quadrupole detector. Seven samples of the total (181) did not completely fit the inclusion criteria and were eliminated. The results showed 0.50{\%} and 1.16{\%} positive samples for benzoylecgonine and Delta9-THCA-A, respectively. These results are not different from those of the National Questionnaire on Addiction. We can establish a program for detecting drug consumption in our students. This kind of study is important in order to implement programs that can help us to decrease the abuse of drugs in our college population.",
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Garcia-Jimenez, S, Heredia-Lezama, K, Bilbao-Marcos, F, Fuentes-Lara, G, Monroy-Noyola, A & Deciga-Campos, M 2008, Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography: An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico. En Drug Addiction: Research Frontiers and Treatment Advances. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1139, Blackwell Publishing Inc., pp. 422-425. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1432.018

Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography : An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico. / Garcia-Jimenez, Sara; Heredia-Lezama, Karina; Bilbao-Marcos, Fernando; Fuentes-Lara, Griselda; Monroy-Noyola, Antonio; Deciga-Campos, Myrna.

Drug Addiction: Research Frontiers and Treatment Advances. Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2008. p. 422-425 (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; Vol. 1139).

Resultado de la investigación: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoContribución a la conferencia

TY - GEN

T1 - Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography

T2 - An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico

AU - Garcia-Jimenez, Sara

AU - Heredia-Lezama, Karina

AU - Bilbao-Marcos, Fernando

AU - Fuentes-Lara, Griselda

AU - Monroy-Noyola, Antonio

AU - Deciga-Campos, Myrna

PY - 2008/10

Y1 - 2008/10

N2 - Drug abuse among college students is characterized by lower academic performance and long-term negative consequences. Screening to detect students at high risk of consuming drugs is of primary importance to insure early identification and appropriate levels of care. As a result, this study aimed to determine the current or past use of drug abuse through a questionnaire applied to a student population at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. The results were confirmed by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography of urine. We interviewed 181 students aged 15 to 21 (gender was not considered in this study), and urine samples were collected for analytical analysis. For detection of metabolites Delta9-THCA-A and benzoylecgonine from marijuana and cocaine, respectively, a homogenous enzymatic inmmunoanalysis was used; subsequent samples were analyzed by a mass spectrometer with quadrupole detector. Seven samples of the total (181) did not completely fit the inclusion criteria and were eliminated. The results showed 0.50% and 1.16% positive samples for benzoylecgonine and Delta9-THCA-A, respectively. These results are not different from those of the National Questionnaire on Addiction. We can establish a program for detecting drug consumption in our students. This kind of study is important in order to implement programs that can help us to decrease the abuse of drugs in our college population.

AB - Drug abuse among college students is characterized by lower academic performance and long-term negative consequences. Screening to detect students at high risk of consuming drugs is of primary importance to insure early identification and appropriate levels of care. As a result, this study aimed to determine the current or past use of drug abuse through a questionnaire applied to a student population at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. The results were confirmed by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography of urine. We interviewed 181 students aged 15 to 21 (gender was not considered in this study), and urine samples were collected for analytical analysis. For detection of metabolites Delta9-THCA-A and benzoylecgonine from marijuana and cocaine, respectively, a homogenous enzymatic inmmunoanalysis was used; subsequent samples were analyzed by a mass spectrometer with quadrupole detector. Seven samples of the total (181) did not completely fit the inclusion criteria and were eliminated. The results showed 0.50% and 1.16% positive samples for benzoylecgonine and Delta9-THCA-A, respectively. These results are not different from those of the National Questionnaire on Addiction. We can establish a program for detecting drug consumption in our students. This kind of study is important in order to implement programs that can help us to decrease the abuse of drugs in our college population.

KW - Cocaine

KW - College population

KW - Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

KW - Inmmunoanalysis

KW - Marijuana

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U2 - 10.1196/annals.1432.018

DO - 10.1196/annals.1432.018

M3 - Contribución a la conferencia

C2 - 18991889

AN - SCOPUS:53549090178

SN - 9781573317184

T3 - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

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BT - Drug Addiction

PB - Blackwell Publishing Inc.

ER -

Garcia-Jimenez S, Heredia-Lezama K, Bilbao-Marcos F, Fuentes-Lara G, Monroy-Noyola A, Deciga-Campos M. Screening for marijuana and cocaine abuse by immunoanalysis and gas chromatography: An exploratory study in a college population at Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos in Mexico. En Drug Addiction: Research Frontiers and Treatment Advances. Blackwell Publishing Inc. 2008. p. 422-425. (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences). https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1432.018