Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México

Sokani Sánchez-Montes, Martín Yair Cabrera-Garrido, César A. Ríos-Muñoz, Ali Zeltzin Lira-Olguin, Roxana Acosta-Gutiérrez, Mario Mata-Galindo, Kevin Hernández-Vilchis, D. Melissa Navarrete-Sotelo, Pablo Colunga-Salas, Livia León-Paniagua, Ingeborg Dorothea Becker Fauser

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Fleas and sucking lice are important vectors of multiple pathogens causing major epidemics worldwide. However these insects are vectors of a wide range of largely understudied and unattended pathogens, especially several species of bacteria’s of the genera Bartonella and Rickettsia. For this reason the aim of the present work was to identify the presence and diversity of Bartonella and Rickettsia species in endemic murine typhus foci in Hidalgo, México. A cross-sectional study was carried out to collect small mammals and their associated ectoparasites during October, 2014. Samples of liver and ear of hosts, and ectoparasites were fixed in absolute ethanol and examined to identify the presence of Bartonella and Rickettsia DNA by the amplification of specific fragments of the gltA and ompB genes using conventional PCR. The recovered sequences were compared with those deposited in GenBank, and phylogenetic analyzes were carried out to identify the position of the pathogens detected with respect to the valid species previously reported worldwide. A total of 47 fleas and 172 sucking lice, belonging to five families (Ceratophyllidae, Leptopsyllidae, Ctenophtalmidae, Hoplopleuridae, Polyplacidae) and related to six species were collected from 40 rodents of four species and one shrew. Only four hosts (two P. beatae, and two R. norvergicus) were positive to Bartonella elizabethae, Bartonella vinsonii and Rickettsia typhi. In the case of ectoparasites, 23 specimens of two flea species (Peromyscopsylla hesperomys and Plusaetis mathesoni) tested positive for B. vinsonii. No evidence of Bartonella or Rickettsia was detected in any lice. Our findings represent the first record of Bartonella elizabethae a confirmed zoonotic pathogen causing endocarditis in México and several new associations of Bartonella with Mexican flea species, which highlight the importance of the establishment of active entomological surveillance in wildlife.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)69-79
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónTherya
Volumen10
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2019

Huella dactilar

Bartonella
Rickettsia
ectoparasites
small mammals
Siphonaptera
Bartonella elizabethae
Bartonella vinsonii
Anoplura
pathogens
Polyplacidae
Peromyscopsylla
Hoplopleuridae
Leptopsyllidae
Rickettsia typhi
murine typhus
Ceratophyllidae
endocarditis
lice
shrews
cross-sectional studies

Citar esto

Sánchez-Montes, S., Cabrera-Garrido, M. Y., Ríos-Muñoz, C. A., Lira-Olguin, A. Z., Acosta-Gutiérrez, R., Mata-Galindo, M., ... Becker Fauser, I. D. (2019). Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México. Therya, 10(2), 69-79. https://doi.org/10.12933/therya-19-722
Sánchez-Montes, Sokani ; Cabrera-Garrido, Martín Yair ; Ríos-Muñoz, César A. ; Lira-Olguin, Ali Zeltzin ; Acosta-Gutiérrez, Roxana ; Mata-Galindo, Mario ; Hernández-Vilchis, Kevin ; Navarrete-Sotelo, D. Melissa ; Colunga-Salas, Pablo ; León-Paniagua, Livia ; Becker Fauser, Ingeborg Dorothea. / Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México. En: Therya. 2019 ; Vol. 10, N.º 2. pp. 69-79.
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abstract = "Fleas and sucking lice are important vectors of multiple pathogens causing major epidemics worldwide. However these insects are vectors of a wide range of largely understudied and unattended pathogens, especially several species of bacteria’s of the genera Bartonella and Rickettsia. For this reason the aim of the present work was to identify the presence and diversity of Bartonella and Rickettsia species in endemic murine typhus foci in Hidalgo, M{\'e}xico. A cross-sectional study was carried out to collect small mammals and their associated ectoparasites during October, 2014. Samples of liver and ear of hosts, and ectoparasites were fixed in absolute ethanol and examined to identify the presence of Bartonella and Rickettsia DNA by the amplification of specific fragments of the gltA and ompB genes using conventional PCR. The recovered sequences were compared with those deposited in GenBank, and phylogenetic analyzes were carried out to identify the position of the pathogens detected with respect to the valid species previously reported worldwide. A total of 47 fleas and 172 sucking lice, belonging to five families (Ceratophyllidae, Leptopsyllidae, Ctenophtalmidae, Hoplopleuridae, Polyplacidae) and related to six species were collected from 40 rodents of four species and one shrew. Only four hosts (two P. beatae, and two R. norvergicus) were positive to Bartonella elizabethae, Bartonella vinsonii and Rickettsia typhi. In the case of ectoparasites, 23 specimens of two flea species (Peromyscopsylla hesperomys and Plusaetis mathesoni) tested positive for B. vinsonii. No evidence of Bartonella or Rickettsia was detected in any lice. Our findings represent the first record of Bartonella elizabethae a confirmed zoonotic pathogen causing endocarditis in M{\'e}xico and several new associations of Bartonella with Mexican flea species, which highlight the importance of the establishment of active entomological surveillance in wildlife.",
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Sánchez-Montes, S, Cabrera-Garrido, MY, Ríos-Muñoz, CA, Lira-Olguin, AZ, Acosta-Gutiérrez, R, Mata-Galindo, M, Hernández-Vilchis, K, Navarrete-Sotelo, DM, Colunga-Salas, P, León-Paniagua, L & Becker Fauser, ID 2019, 'Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México', Therya, vol. 10, n.º 2, pp. 69-79. https://doi.org/10.12933/therya-19-722

Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México. / Sánchez-Montes, Sokani; Cabrera-Garrido, Martín Yair; Ríos-Muñoz, César A.; Lira-Olguin, Ali Zeltzin; Acosta-Gutiérrez, Roxana; Mata-Galindo, Mario; Hernández-Vilchis, Kevin; Navarrete-Sotelo, D. Melissa; Colunga-Salas, Pablo; León-Paniagua, Livia; Becker Fauser, Ingeborg Dorothea.

En: Therya, Vol. 10, N.º 2, 01.01.2019, p. 69-79.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México

AU - Sánchez-Montes, Sokani

AU - Cabrera-Garrido, Martín Yair

AU - Ríos-Muñoz, César A.

AU - Lira-Olguin, Ali Zeltzin

AU - Acosta-Gutiérrez, Roxana

AU - Mata-Galindo, Mario

AU - Hernández-Vilchis, Kevin

AU - Navarrete-Sotelo, D. Melissa

AU - Colunga-Salas, Pablo

AU - León-Paniagua, Livia

AU - Becker Fauser, Ingeborg Dorothea

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Fleas and sucking lice are important vectors of multiple pathogens causing major epidemics worldwide. However these insects are vectors of a wide range of largely understudied and unattended pathogens, especially several species of bacteria’s of the genera Bartonella and Rickettsia. For this reason the aim of the present work was to identify the presence and diversity of Bartonella and Rickettsia species in endemic murine typhus foci in Hidalgo, México. A cross-sectional study was carried out to collect small mammals and their associated ectoparasites during October, 2014. Samples of liver and ear of hosts, and ectoparasites were fixed in absolute ethanol and examined to identify the presence of Bartonella and Rickettsia DNA by the amplification of specific fragments of the gltA and ompB genes using conventional PCR. The recovered sequences were compared with those deposited in GenBank, and phylogenetic analyzes were carried out to identify the position of the pathogens detected with respect to the valid species previously reported worldwide. A total of 47 fleas and 172 sucking lice, belonging to five families (Ceratophyllidae, Leptopsyllidae, Ctenophtalmidae, Hoplopleuridae, Polyplacidae) and related to six species were collected from 40 rodents of four species and one shrew. Only four hosts (two P. beatae, and two R. norvergicus) were positive to Bartonella elizabethae, Bartonella vinsonii and Rickettsia typhi. In the case of ectoparasites, 23 specimens of two flea species (Peromyscopsylla hesperomys and Plusaetis mathesoni) tested positive for B. vinsonii. No evidence of Bartonella or Rickettsia was detected in any lice. Our findings represent the first record of Bartonella elizabethae a confirmed zoonotic pathogen causing endocarditis in México and several new associations of Bartonella with Mexican flea species, which highlight the importance of the establishment of active entomological surveillance in wildlife.

AB - Fleas and sucking lice are important vectors of multiple pathogens causing major epidemics worldwide. However these insects are vectors of a wide range of largely understudied and unattended pathogens, especially several species of bacteria’s of the genera Bartonella and Rickettsia. For this reason the aim of the present work was to identify the presence and diversity of Bartonella and Rickettsia species in endemic murine typhus foci in Hidalgo, México. A cross-sectional study was carried out to collect small mammals and their associated ectoparasites during October, 2014. Samples of liver and ear of hosts, and ectoparasites were fixed in absolute ethanol and examined to identify the presence of Bartonella and Rickettsia DNA by the amplification of specific fragments of the gltA and ompB genes using conventional PCR. The recovered sequences were compared with those deposited in GenBank, and phylogenetic analyzes were carried out to identify the position of the pathogens detected with respect to the valid species previously reported worldwide. A total of 47 fleas and 172 sucking lice, belonging to five families (Ceratophyllidae, Leptopsyllidae, Ctenophtalmidae, Hoplopleuridae, Polyplacidae) and related to six species were collected from 40 rodents of four species and one shrew. Only four hosts (two P. beatae, and two R. norvergicus) were positive to Bartonella elizabethae, Bartonella vinsonii and Rickettsia typhi. In the case of ectoparasites, 23 specimens of two flea species (Peromyscopsylla hesperomys and Plusaetis mathesoni) tested positive for B. vinsonii. No evidence of Bartonella or Rickettsia was detected in any lice. Our findings represent the first record of Bartonella elizabethae a confirmed zoonotic pathogen causing endocarditis in México and several new associations of Bartonella with Mexican flea species, which highlight the importance of the establishment of active entomological surveillance in wildlife.

KW - Bartonella elizabethae

KW - Emerging diseases

KW - Rickettsia typhi

KW - Small mammals

KW - Vectors

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DO - 10.12933/therya-19-722

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Sánchez-Montes S, Cabrera-Garrido MY, Ríos-Muñoz CA, Lira-Olguin AZ, Acosta-Gutiérrez R, Mata-Galindo M y otros. Detection of bartonella and rickettsia in small mammals and their ectoparasites in México. Therya. 2019 ene 1;10(2):69-79. https://doi.org/10.12933/therya-19-722