Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH)

Lino Palacios-Cruz, Adriana Arias-Caballero, Rosa Elena Ulloa, Norma González-Reyna, Pablo Mayer-Villa, Miriam Feria, Liz Sosa, Francisco R. De La Peña, Alfonso Cabrera-Lagunes, Alejandra Fragoso, Alfredo Sepúlveda, Carlos S. Cruz, Patricia Clark Peralta, Juan C. Pérez, María C. Lara-Muñoz, Corina Benjet

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder. The determination of the clinical features, adversity factors and level of functioning in siblings of probands with ADHD, known as a high risk (ADHD R Sib), could help us to establish the risk to which they are subjected. Objective To determine the frequency of ADHD and other psychiatric disorders in R Sib. Secondary objectives were to establish the psychosocial adversity factors that predict ADHD R Sib and determine the magnitude of effect on performance and other psychiatric disorders when siblings have ADHD (R Sib+) compared to those without ADHD (R Sib-). Material and methods This multicenter study is descriptive, transversal and analytical. The sample (n=84) was formed by adolescent siblings of probands with ADHD who shared both parents. Results While 45.2% (n=38) had ADHD, 17.9% (n=15) had no psychiatric disorder. Being a R Sib+ increased at least four times the likelihood of having oppositional defiant disorder (OR=4.3, 95% CI 1.3-14.8). These data remained significant when adjusted for sex, age and number of adversities (RM 95=3, 1.8-10.9%). Being a R Sib+ increased almost five times the probability of academic dysfunction (OR=4.84, 95% CI 1.41-16.63). The overall average was 3.3 adversities (SD=1.4). Psychopathology in both parents was found in 51.2% of the sample (ES=0.055). Severe family dysfunction increased 2.5 times the probability of having ADHD in a R Sib (95% CI, 1.066.25). When comparing the groups with three or more psychosocial adversities, there were no significant differences (81.6% vs. 65.2%, p=0.14). Conclusions The clinical study of R Sib for ADHD is necessary due to the different implications in terms of prevention, early care and prognosis improvement of these patients.

Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)467-476
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónSalud Mental
Volumen37
N.º6
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2014

Huella dactilar

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Siblings
Psychiatry
Parents
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Psychopathology
Multicenter Studies
Psychology

Palabras clave

  • ADHD
  • Adolescents
  • Comorbidity
  • High risk siblings
  • Psychosocial adversity

Citar esto

Palacios-Cruz, L., Arias-Caballero, A., Ulloa, R. E., González-Reyna, N., Mayer-Villa, P., Feria, M., ... Benjet, C. (2014). Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH). Salud Mental, 37(6), 467-476.
Palacios-Cruz, Lino ; Arias-Caballero, Adriana ; Ulloa, Rosa Elena ; González-Reyna, Norma ; Mayer-Villa, Pablo ; Feria, Miriam ; Sosa, Liz ; De La Peña, Francisco R. ; Cabrera-Lagunes, Alfonso ; Fragoso, Alejandra ; Sepúlveda, Alfredo ; Cruz, Carlos S. ; Peralta, Patricia Clark ; Pérez, Juan C. ; Lara-Muñoz, María C. ; Benjet, Corina. / Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH). En: Salud Mental. 2014 ; Vol. 37, N.º 6. pp. 467-476.
@article{a3372f58537e471d8de84b36d7362534,
title = "Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatolog{\'i}a y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por d{\'e}ficit de atenci{\'o}n con hiperactividad (TDAH)",
abstract = "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder. The determination of the clinical features, adversity factors and level of functioning in siblings of probands with ADHD, known as a high risk (ADHD R Sib), could help us to establish the risk to which they are subjected. Objective To determine the frequency of ADHD and other psychiatric disorders in R Sib. Secondary objectives were to establish the psychosocial adversity factors that predict ADHD R Sib and determine the magnitude of effect on performance and other psychiatric disorders when siblings have ADHD (R Sib+) compared to those without ADHD (R Sib-). Material and methods This multicenter study is descriptive, transversal and analytical. The sample (n=84) was formed by adolescent siblings of probands with ADHD who shared both parents. Results While 45.2{\%} (n=38) had ADHD, 17.9{\%} (n=15) had no psychiatric disorder. Being a R Sib+ increased at least four times the likelihood of having oppositional defiant disorder (OR=4.3, 95{\%} CI 1.3-14.8). These data remained significant when adjusted for sex, age and number of adversities (RM 95=3, 1.8-10.9{\%}). Being a R Sib+ increased almost five times the probability of academic dysfunction (OR=4.84, 95{\%} CI 1.41-16.63). The overall average was 3.3 adversities (SD=1.4). Psychopathology in both parents was found in 51.2{\%} of the sample (ES=0.055). Severe family dysfunction increased 2.5 times the probability of having ADHD in a R Sib (95{\%} CI, 1.066.25). When comparing the groups with three or more psychosocial adversities, there were no significant differences (81.6{\%} vs. 65.2{\%}, p=0.14). Conclusions The clinical study of R Sib for ADHD is necessary due to the different implications in terms of prevention, early care and prognosis improvement of these patients.",
keywords = "ADHD, Adolescents, Comorbidity, High risk siblings, Psychosocial adversity",
author = "Lino Palacios-Cruz and Adriana Arias-Caballero and Ulloa, {Rosa Elena} and Norma Gonz{\'a}lez-Reyna and Pablo Mayer-Villa and Miriam Feria and Liz Sosa and {De La Pe{\~n}a}, {Francisco R.} and Alfonso Cabrera-Lagunes and Alejandra Fragoso and Alfredo Sep{\'u}lveda and Cruz, {Carlos S.} and Peralta, {Patricia Clark} and P{\'e}rez, {Juan C.} and Lara-Mu{\~n}oz, {Mar{\'i}a C.} and Corina Benjet",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "Espa{\~n}ol",
volume = "37",
pages = "467--476",
journal = "Salud Mental",
issn = "0185-3325",
publisher = "Elsevier GmbH",
number = "6",

}

Palacios-Cruz, L, Arias-Caballero, A, Ulloa, RE, González-Reyna, N, Mayer-Villa, P, Feria, M, Sosa, L, De La Peña, FR, Cabrera-Lagunes, A, Fragoso, A, Sepúlveda, A, Cruz, CS, Peralta, PC, Pérez, JC, Lara-Muñoz, MC & Benjet, C 2014, 'Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH)', Salud Mental, vol. 37, n.º 6, pp. 467-476.

Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH). / Palacios-Cruz, Lino; Arias-Caballero, Adriana; Ulloa, Rosa Elena; González-Reyna, Norma; Mayer-Villa, Pablo; Feria, Miriam; Sosa, Liz; De La Peña, Francisco R.; Cabrera-Lagunes, Alfonso; Fragoso, Alejandra; Sepúlveda, Alfredo; Cruz, Carlos S.; Peralta, Patricia Clark; Pérez, Juan C.; Lara-Muñoz, María C.; Benjet, Corina.

En: Salud Mental, Vol. 37, N.º 6, 01.01.2014, p. 467-476.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH)

AU - Palacios-Cruz, Lino

AU - Arias-Caballero, Adriana

AU - Ulloa, Rosa Elena

AU - González-Reyna, Norma

AU - Mayer-Villa, Pablo

AU - Feria, Miriam

AU - Sosa, Liz

AU - De La Peña, Francisco R.

AU - Cabrera-Lagunes, Alfonso

AU - Fragoso, Alejandra

AU - Sepúlveda, Alfredo

AU - Cruz, Carlos S.

AU - Peralta, Patricia Clark

AU - Pérez, Juan C.

AU - Lara-Muñoz, María C.

AU - Benjet, Corina

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder. The determination of the clinical features, adversity factors and level of functioning in siblings of probands with ADHD, known as a high risk (ADHD R Sib), could help us to establish the risk to which they are subjected. Objective To determine the frequency of ADHD and other psychiatric disorders in R Sib. Secondary objectives were to establish the psychosocial adversity factors that predict ADHD R Sib and determine the magnitude of effect on performance and other psychiatric disorders when siblings have ADHD (R Sib+) compared to those without ADHD (R Sib-). Material and methods This multicenter study is descriptive, transversal and analytical. The sample (n=84) was formed by adolescent siblings of probands with ADHD who shared both parents. Results While 45.2% (n=38) had ADHD, 17.9% (n=15) had no psychiatric disorder. Being a R Sib+ increased at least four times the likelihood of having oppositional defiant disorder (OR=4.3, 95% CI 1.3-14.8). These data remained significant when adjusted for sex, age and number of adversities (RM 95=3, 1.8-10.9%). Being a R Sib+ increased almost five times the probability of academic dysfunction (OR=4.84, 95% CI 1.41-16.63). The overall average was 3.3 adversities (SD=1.4). Psychopathology in both parents was found in 51.2% of the sample (ES=0.055). Severe family dysfunction increased 2.5 times the probability of having ADHD in a R Sib (95% CI, 1.066.25). When comparing the groups with three or more psychosocial adversities, there were no significant differences (81.6% vs. 65.2%, p=0.14). Conclusions The clinical study of R Sib for ADHD is necessary due to the different implications in terms of prevention, early care and prognosis improvement of these patients.

AB - Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder. The determination of the clinical features, adversity factors and level of functioning in siblings of probands with ADHD, known as a high risk (ADHD R Sib), could help us to establish the risk to which they are subjected. Objective To determine the frequency of ADHD and other psychiatric disorders in R Sib. Secondary objectives were to establish the psychosocial adversity factors that predict ADHD R Sib and determine the magnitude of effect on performance and other psychiatric disorders when siblings have ADHD (R Sib+) compared to those without ADHD (R Sib-). Material and methods This multicenter study is descriptive, transversal and analytical. The sample (n=84) was formed by adolescent siblings of probands with ADHD who shared both parents. Results While 45.2% (n=38) had ADHD, 17.9% (n=15) had no psychiatric disorder. Being a R Sib+ increased at least four times the likelihood of having oppositional defiant disorder (OR=4.3, 95% CI 1.3-14.8). These data remained significant when adjusted for sex, age and number of adversities (RM 95=3, 1.8-10.9%). Being a R Sib+ increased almost five times the probability of academic dysfunction (OR=4.84, 95% CI 1.41-16.63). The overall average was 3.3 adversities (SD=1.4). Psychopathology in both parents was found in 51.2% of the sample (ES=0.055). Severe family dysfunction increased 2.5 times the probability of having ADHD in a R Sib (95% CI, 1.066.25). When comparing the groups with three or more psychosocial adversities, there were no significant differences (81.6% vs. 65.2%, p=0.14). Conclusions The clinical study of R Sib for ADHD is necessary due to the different implications in terms of prevention, early care and prognosis improvement of these patients.

KW - ADHD

KW - Adolescents

KW - Comorbidity

KW - High risk siblings

KW - Psychosocial adversity

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M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:84937120871

VL - 37

SP - 467

EP - 476

JO - Salud Mental

JF - Salud Mental

SN - 0185-3325

IS - 6

ER -

Palacios-Cruz L, Arias-Caballero A, Ulloa RE, González-Reyna N, Mayer-Villa P, Feria M y otros. Adversidad psicosocial, psicopatología y funcionamiento en hermanos adolescentes en alto riesgo (HAR) con y sin trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH). Salud Mental. 2014 ene 1;37(6):467-476.